Welcome Message from Ambassador HOR Nam Bora
Ambassador-Designate of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the Republic of Indonesia     

I. Introduction
II. Economic Situation
  1. Size of economy
  2. Industrial structure
  3. Trade
  4. Currency
III. Social Situation
  1. Population
  2. Ethnic groups
  3. Religion
  4. Language and literacy
  5. Education system
I. Introduction

Cambodia or Kampuchea,  officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia and once known as the Khmer Empire, is a country
located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Its total landmass is 181,035 square kilometres,
bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

With a population of over 13 millions, Cambodia is the 69th most populous country in the world. The official religion is Theravada
Buddhism, which is practiced by approximately 95% of the Cambodian population. The country's minority groups include Vietnamese,
Chinese, Chams, and other hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic, and cultural center of
Cambodia. According to its Constitution, Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy. The present King, His Majesty Norodom Sihamoni,
acceded to the throne on 29 October 2004. The head of government is  Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen.

Cambodia has had one of the best economic records in Asia, with economic growth averaging 7 percent for the last 10 years.
Strong textiles, agriculture, construction, garments, and tourism sectors led to foreign investments and international trade.
Oil and natural gas deposits found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters remain mostly untapped.

II. Economic Situation
  1. Size of economy
GDP amount has been steadily grown with 43,057 billion Riels in 2009 and 47,048 billion Riels in 2010 and is projected to
be 52,141 billion Riel in 2011 (approximately USD 12.9 billion) and 57, 363 billion Riel in 2012 (approximately USD 14.2 billion).

Per capita GDP has also steadily increased since 1998 when the Riel greatly depreciated against the dollar. Per capita GDP
in 2010reached USD 830, an increase of approximately 70% from 487 US dollars in 2005. It is projected to reach USD 904
in 2011 and USD
984 in 2012 respectively, according to the Ministry of Economy and Finance’s forecast. (Figure II-1-2)
  1. Industrial structure
As the primary industry occupies 32% of the total economy, the agriculture is the main industry of Cambodia. Major agricultural
products are rice, rubber, maize, cassava, etc. The secondary industry and tertiary industry respectively account for 22% and
38% of the total economy. The major industry of the manufacturing sector is apparel products, which are directed to exports.
Among the tertiary industry, the tourism-related industries are important to the Cambodian economy.
  1. Trade
The trade balance of Cambodia keeps a continuous deficit. Both exports and imports have been expanding as a result of
economic growth. In 2011, the export value was US$5.4 billion and the import value was US$7.0 billion.

The major destination countries of exports are USA, Hong Kong, China, EU, Canada, and Vietnam. The major importing countries
are Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam.

The primary export product is apparel, which account for more than 80% of total exports. The major import products are textiles,
petroleum product, and vehicles. Cambodia significantly depends on imports for industrial input products and daily commodities.
  1. Currency
Although the official national currency is the Riel, US dollars are commonly used in business and commercial transactions.
(1 USD = 4,060 Riel)

III. Social Situation
  1. Population
According to the 2008 Population Census, Cambodia’s population was 13.4 million with annual growth rate of 1.54%. Phnom Penh
,the capital and the largest city, has a population of 1.3 million. Percentage of urban population is 19.5% and density of population
per square kilo meters is 75.
In 2008, percentage of population by age and sex group was as follows.
-  Children (0-14 age): 33.7%,
-  Economically productive age group (15-64): 62%
-  The elderly population (65+): 4.3%.(Source: General Population Census 2008, National Institute of Statistics-NIS)
  1. Ethnic groups
The majority are Khmer (90 %). Small ethnic groups include Cham, Vietnamese and Chinese.
  1. Religion
Buddhism is established as a national religion by the Constitution (Article 43, The Constitution) and 90 % of the population is Buddhist.
Other religions practiced in Cambodia include Islam, Christianity and others.
  1. Language and literacy
The official language is Khmer. The adult literacy rates in 2008 were 77.6 % in total, 85.1 % for males, and 70.9 %for females. (Source:
General Population Census 2008, NIS)
  1. Education system
The educational system in Cambodia consists of elementary school (grade 1 to 6), junior high school (grades 7 to 9), senior high
school (grades 10 to 12) and university and other institutions of higher education. Compulsory education is until grade 9.
The percentage of persons (aged 6 and over) in each age group who are attending school or education institutes are: i)
Age 6-14: 80.19%, ii) Age 15-19: 51.83%, iii) Age 20 – 24: 14.37%. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)